One of the tasks of the occupying authorities was to register all local residents. The local police also had to make a special list of all “unreliable” residents: former communists, Soviet officials, people who assisted the guerrillas. This is evidenced from document samples in the exposition: Andrei Zagorodny’s communist card and the list of Shostka residents who were “on special account”. Number “1” on the list are the mother and minor brothers of Vladimir Korotkov, whose father was a Communist. Vladimir was forced to go to Germany with the very first batch of forced laborers. He got to work at the Eibia GmbH powder factory near the villages of Steyerberg and Liebenau.
In 1942, temporary identity cards replaced Soviet passports. The introduction of these new documents was an additional mechanism to control the movement of the population. Maria Shkuro’s temporary identity card shows an example of this document in the exposition. The book listing all the temporary IDs issued by the Klyshkiv village administration contains not just people’s full names but also photos of their owners. This unique photo gallery gives an idea of what the locals looked like in 1942. We see mostly weary and exhausted faces with an anxious look in their eyes.
In the book, we see the name and the photo of Ivan Dudar, one of the initiators of the creation and heroes of our Family Memory Museum. For health reasons, he was not drafted into the Red Army in the summer of 1941. He stayed in his home village of Klyshky. Ivan listened to the home-made radio news and related them to fellow villagers. One day, officers searched his home but found nothing. In June 1942, like many of his fellow villagers, he was sent to work in Germany. He went to work at the Eibia GmbH powder factory near the villages of Steyerberg and Libenau in Lower Saxony.