Nazi occupation

Materials on the Nazi occupation of the city of Shostka and the Shostka district can be found on 8 thematic tablets that tell about the structure of the Nazi occupation authorities, the local auxiliary administration and their primary activities, the life of the population, and the tragic fate of Soviet prisoners of war, as well as Jews and Roma. For the first time ever, the exposition presents translations of various reports of Nazi 1941–1942 punitive units: the 1st Motorized SS Infantry Brigade, the Secret Field Police, and the Sonderkommand of the Security Police and the SD. The most massacres took place in 1942: first, 746 residents of the city of Shostka and Shostka district, including Jews, were shot in the territory of the Film factory, and then 452 more people were killed in the territory of the Shostka Chemical and Technological College (communists and Soviet activists, underground workers).

Camps for Soviet prisoners of war in Konotop, Glukhiv, Novgorod-Siversky and near Khutir Mikhailovsky railway station became an important feature of the occupation regime.

Throughout the entire period of the Nazi occupation, from August 27, 1941, to September 3, 1943, Shostka was administered by Ortskommandantur I(V)268. Its small staff of 30-40 solved practically every management issue. Shostka had its own local government: appointments were made for the positions of the burgomaster, the chief of the police, and the head of the labor exchange.

To control movements of the population, the local police registered every local resident. In 1942, temporary identity cards were introduced instead of Soviet passports.

The main task of the occupying power was to provide Wehrmacht with food. Therefore, agriculture was given top priority. Germans retained collective farms in the Shostka district, renaming them into “public sector farms”.

Excerpts from interviews with Tetyana Konovalova (Bezugla), Volodymyr Korotkov, and Anna Tkach (Stepanenko) illustrate personal impressions and experiences of Shostka residents.